Overall when researching a topic or crafting a research proposal, determining the design approach is very important and is dependent on your investigation. A reflection of the research topic, purpose, and method of research will be imperative for validating the research study. A suggested questionnaire may be helpful in fashioning the research study:
1. In my research will I need to . . .
- observe and report on phenomena?
- control variables in an experiment?
2. Will my data consist mostly of . . .
3. Will I use. . .
- inductive reasoning in my conclusions?
- deductive reasoning in my conclusions?
4. Are variables. . .
- difficult to identify?
- easy to identify?
5. Does the research answer. . .
- how or why?
- who or what?
6. Will I be. . .
- exploring a question or problem?
- testing a hypothesis?
7. Will my research design. . .
- emerge and change as the study takes place?
- be decided in advance?
8. Will . . .
- participant responses affect which questions are asked?
- data collection and research methods remain stable throughout the investigation?
9. Will . . .
- I, as the researcher, be one of the instruments of measurement?
- various tools and instruments measure the investigation?
10. Does my study use. . .
- semi-structured, flexible methods to collect data?
- highly structured methods to collect data?
11. Will instruments of measure be. . .
- flexible in collecting and categorizing data?
- rigid in collecting and categorizing data?
12. Will my questioning be. . .
13. Does my problem/issue lend itself to investigation. . .
- of people’s lives, feelings and attitudes?
- with experiments and/or data surveys?
If you have more a’s, you should use a qualitative approach in your research design.
If you have more b’s, you should use a quantitative approach in your research design.
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In Dayton, we find out that a driver had a car that looked like a police car. It had police lights that were placed on the roof and a faded spot on its trunk that read “Sheriff”. The fake cop even went ahead to pull over a driver on a traffic stop. The Dayton police were brought up to speed on what was happening on a Thursday night. Several people had complained about the fake cop. Mitchell Pollard, the fake cop, was pursued and nabbed. In the car, the police found a duty belt, handcuffs, and a microphone that the officers use for communication purposes while they are on duty. Pollard was jailed on charges of impersonating a police officer.
A young man got into a taxi and after a night of partying and drinking. He paid the cab driver and told him where to he wanted to go. The driver proceeded to the destination only to find that it was in the middle of nowhere. He turned to confirm with his passenger if this was really the place, only to find him asleep. He was too drunk. The cab driver went back and continued carrying other passengers with the young man in the cab till morning.
John was an army bunker in Iraq. Where he was stationed is where you could find an old Iraqi division that was stationed at this base and kept their entire demo in the tanker. As a combat engineer, it goes without saying that he had experience in dealing with demo and landmines. So, he picked one that the switch had been removed and waited for his friend to come. When he showed up, he yelled “tour of booties!” and threw the landmine at him. That was when he saw his ass puckered. He has never been scared throughout his life as he was.
This guy I was dating used to complain that they treated him badly at one of my favorite restaurants because he is black and he's better than others. At first I did not believe it until once I noticed the waiters and waitresses did not pay a lot of attention to him as they did to me and other guests so I started to believe they may be racist. One day when I was alone I asked why they were being racist? Turns out, they don’t like him because he doesn’t tip them not because he is black.
You will now follow a specific pathway dependent upon your above choice. Each approach has
its own methodology, and the steps you follow will be specific to your approach. The next step
is to start the specific III. Crafting the Proposal: The Methodology planning guide that goes
with your approach.
Remember: The type of investigation you have chosen, its purpose, and the research question itself will suggest the best methodology for a study. Keeping this in mind will eliminate mismatched efforts and results that can frustrate a beginning researcher. It is also important to understand that although your overall project design may use one approach or the other, it is possible that your actual methods used in your investigative procedure will borrow from each approach. (4)
- Bogdan, R. C., & Biklen, S. K. (1998). Qualitative research in education. An introduction to theory and methods. Allyn & Bacon, A Viacom Company, 160 Gould St., Needham Heights, MA 02194; Internet: www. abacon. com.
- Creswell, J. W. (2012). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. Sage.
- Creswell, J. W. (2013). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Sage publications.